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Government of Illinois

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The Government of Illinois is fortified by the Constitution of Illinois which is the fourth and current draft adopted in 1970.  On August 26, 1818 the first constitution was adopted and later ratified in 1848, 1870 and 1970 [1].

The Government of Illinois consists of Executive, Legislative and Judicial Branch.Image source:
https://www.illinois.gov/

The Executive Branch of Illinois

The Executive branch comprises of six elected officers and their various departments. The six elected officers are Governor, Lt. Governor, Attorney General, Secretary of State, Comptroller, and Treasurer.

The Governor of Illinois is the chief official of executive branch of Illinois. He has the supreme executive power and is responsible for the faithful execution of the laws. The Governor serves the state for four years and is directly elected by the residents of state. The Governor is directly responsible for enacting laws passed by General Assembly. [2].

Contact Details-
Springfield
Office of the Governor
207 State House
Springfield, IL 62706
Phone: 217-782-0244
TTY: 888-261-3336

Office of Governor of Illinois

The Lieutenant Governor of Illinois is the second highest executive and is directly elected by votes. If the Governor dies or removed from office, the Lieutenant Governor becomes the Governor. Lieutenant Governor serves as the chairman of the Governor’s Rural Affair Council, Chairman of Rural Bond Bank of Illinois, Head of the Illinois Main Street Program and Chairman of Illinois River coordinating council.

Contact Details-
Springfield
Office of the Lt. Governor
214 State House
Springfield, IL 62706
Phone: 217-558-3085
Fax: 217-558-3094
Video Phone for sign
language users: 217-717-2331

Office of Lieutenant Governor

The Attorney General is the highest legal officer of the state of Illinois. Attorney General is elected by votes and is responsible for providing legal counsel to the Governor and General assembly.[3].

Contact Details-
Springfield
500 South Second Streets
Springfield, IL 62706
(217)782-1090

Office of the Attorney General

The Secretary of State manages one of the largest computer databases in Illinois, keeping track of approximately 8.7 million drivers; 11 million registered vehicles; 466,000 corporations; 230,000 limited liability entities; 159,000 registered securities sales-persons; and 16,000 investment adviser representatives. The office also is an important resource for educating citizens about issues that affect their everyday lives, including anti-drunk driving, traffic safety, school bus safety, securities fraud, literacy, and organ/tissue donation.[4].

Contact Details-
800-252-8980 (toll free in Illinois)
213 State Capitol
Springfield, IL 62756
217-785-3000 (outside Illinois)

Office of the Secretary of State

The Comptroller is responsible for maintaining the State's accounts, and for ordering payments into and out of them.

Contact Details-
325, West Adams
Springfield, IL 62704
217-782-6000

Office of the Comptroller


The Treasurer of Illinois is the elected official of the state. 

Office of the Treasurer

For more information on the Executive branch of Illinois click here.

The Legislative Branch of Illinois

The General assembly of Illinois is the Legislative branch which comprises 118 member Illinois house of representative and 59 members Illinois Senate. They have the power to enact, amend laws and to pass resolutions. The House consists of 118 representatives elected from legislative districts for two year terms. The State Legislature has the authority to make laws and indict judges. The Illinois Senate consists of 59 Senators elected from Legislative districts.

To read more about General assembly of Illinois, click here.

The Illinois Auditor General is a legislative officer who keeps a vigil on spending of state and is appointed by General assembly. The Secretary of state supervises the House session and leadership votes.

Contact Details-
Iles Park Plaza
740 East Ash St.
Springfield, IL 62703-3154
217/782-6046
217/785-8222 (fax)
888/261-2887 (TTY)

Office of the Auditor General.

The Sunshine Project has been initiated by the Governor to make the government more accountable. To read more on this project, click here.

To view Senators of Illinois click here

To know more about Legislative branch of Illinois read here.

The Judicial Branch of Illinois

The Judiciary of Illinois is responsible for maintaining the law of Illinois. Illinois Judicial Branch consists of Supreme Court, Appellate Court and Circuit Courts.

The Supreme Court of Illinois

The Supreme Court of Illinois has all the executive and decision-making authority over all the courts in Illinois. It hears appeals from Appellate Court and Circuit Courts and makes the original jurisdiction. It consists of 7 Justices for the term of 10 years and the chief justice is elected by the court from its members for a three-year term.

Contact Details-
200 East Capitol Avenue
Springfield, IL, United States
1 217-782-7821

The Appellate Court

The Appellate Court is the court for first hearing of civil and criminal cases. Three judges hear each cases and consensus of two is required to make judgment. The Appellate Court has 52 judges in five districts. Appellate judges are elected from the five judicial districts for 10-year terms.

Contact Details-

160 N La Salle St # 14,
Chicago, IL 60601, United States
1 312-793-5484

The Circuit Court

The Circuit Court is trial court of original jurisdiction. It is composed of circuit and associate judges. There are 24 judicial circuits in Illinois, each having one chief judge nominated by the circuit judges. Circuit judges may hear any case dispensed to them by the chief judge. Associate judges may not supervise over criminal cases unless authorized by the Supreme Court. Circuit judges are elected for six-year terms and they appoint associate judges who serve four-year terms.

To know more about Illinois courts, click here

State Agencies of Illinois

Illinois Department of Public Health


Ilinois Department of Public Health is headquartered in Springfield.Image source:
http://www.idph.state.il.us/
Illinois Department of Public Health was created in 1877 to regulate medical practitioners and to promote sanitation. The department is headquartered in Springfield. IDPH is responsible for protecting the state citizens and the countless visitors. The department is organized in six offices each of which had different agendas of public health.



Contact Details-

Illinois Department of Public Health
535 West Jefferson Street
Springfield, Illinois 62761
Phone 217-782-4977
Fax 217-782-3987
TTY 800-547-0466
Website- http://www.idph.state.il.us/

Illinois Department of Transportation

Illinois Department of Transportation is responsible for strengthening the roads, railways, airways, canals and   terminals such as airport and railway station. The secretary of transportation vigils the progress and reports to the Governor. The office is headquartered in the state capital, Springfield.
The office is headquartered in the state capital, Springfield.Image source: http://www.idot.illinois.gov/


Contact Details-
Illinois Department of Transportation
2300 S. Dirksen Parkway
Springfield, Illinois 62764
Phone:
(217) 782-7820 or TTY (217) 524-4875
Website- http://www.idot.illinois.gov/

 Illinois Department of Agriculture

The Illinois Department of Agriculture regulates various agriculture industries of Illinois, vigils soil and water conservation. It standardizes the various commodities such as gasoline or minerals and crops. It performs inspections under Fertilizer Act of 1961. To read all laws, click here.

Contact Details-
The Department regulates various agriculture industries.Image source:
http://www.agr.state.il.us/

Illinois Department of Agriculture
State Fairgrounds
P.O. Box 19281
Springfield, IL 62794-9281
Telephone:217.782.2172
TDD: 217.524.6858
FAX: 217.785.4505
Website- http://www.agr.state.il.us/


Illinois State Police

Illinois State Police is the police force of Illinois and established in 1922. It promotes public safety to improve the quality of people of Illinois. The mail police academy is located in Springfield. It has four departments which comprises of Administration, Forensic Services, Internal Investigation and Operations.

Contact Details-
Illinois State Police
&;801 South 7th Street
Indicate Suite Number
Springfield, IL 62703
Website- http://www.isp.state.il.us/

Illinois Department of Human Rights

Illinois Department of Human Rights protects human rights and prohibits any kind of discriminationImage source:
http://www2.illinois.gov/
Illinois Department of Human Rights protects human rights and prohibits any kind of discrimination related to sex, employment, education, age etc. They are also responsible for the registration of the IDHR Employer Eligibility Number to entities that wish to do business with commission of the State of Illinois.

Contact Details-
222 South College
Room 101
Intake Unit
Springfield, IL&; 62704
(217) 785-5100
(866) 740-3953 (TTY)
(217) 785-5106 (FAX)
Website- http://www2.illinois.gov/dhr/Pages/default.aspx

Taxes in Illinois

The major source of revenue in Illinois comes from property tax which is a local tax imposed by local government imposing taxes on districts which includes municipalities, counties and special taxation districts. The Department of Revenue serves as the tax collection agencies for state government and for local government.

To know more about taxes in Illinois click here.


References:
  1. Constitution of Illinois
  2. Governor of Illinois
  3. Attorney General
  4. Secretary of state

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